Prosecutors will charge the former head of Ethiopia’s strife-torn Somali region and other officials with plotting to incite a civil war and ordering abuses including beheadings, officials said.
Abdi Mohammed Omer was arrested after three days of violence in regional capital Jijiga in August. Rights groups said his administration set out to provoke ethnic bloodshed and ordered a paramilitary force to attack minorities.
After a five-month investigation, prosecutors decided to charge Abdi and 45 other officials, 40 still on the run, the Federal Attorney’s Office said. Abdi has made no public statement about the charges.
“Horrific crimes have taken place. It had become a country where victims’ throats were slit, others burnt alive or buried alive and left for dead,” the Office’s communications director, Zinabu Tunu, told reporters.
Fifty-eight people died and 266 others were injured during violence, including a priest set on fire inside a church, Zinabu added. Encouraging ethnic strife amounted to inciting a civil war, the office said.
Abdi Mohammed Omer spent more than a decade in charge of the remote and largely lawless region on the border with Somalia, much of that time trying to crush separatist ONLF rebels. Rights groups regularly accused his administration of abuses including torture during the fight with insurgents.
Political winds shifted dramatically in Ethiopia when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed came to power in April, promising to rein in the powerful security services and make peace with separatist groups, including the ONLF.
Several security officials and senior members of past administrations have been arrested, accused of crimes including corruption and rights abuses.
Government officials said in August Abdi Mohammed Omer’s administration sought to mobilise ethnic Somalis to support him as rumours spread he would be arrested on suspicion of being involved in rights violations.
In November, during investigations into the violence, police uncovered a grave containing at least 200 bodies along the border with Oromiya region.